Acute exacerbation of COPD or acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis is shortness of breath and colour and measure of phlegm. It is the most vital outcome measure of COPD. It occurs by bacteria or viral infections caused by environmental pollutions.
Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) describe the phenomenon of sudden worsening in airway function and respiratory symptoms in patients with COPD. These exacerbations can range from self-limited diseases to episodes of florid respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation. The average patient with COPD experiences two such episodes annually, and they account for significant consumption of health care resources. Although bacterial infections are the most common causes of AECOPD, viral infections and environmental stresses are also implicated.
Related Journals of Acute Exacerbation
Journal of Pulmonary & Respiratory Medicine, Heart and Lung: Journal of Acute and Critical Care, Journal of Acute Medicine, Breathe, Sleep and Breathing, Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease, American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.