Parenteral nutrition, also referred as intravenous feeding, is a method of getting nutrition into the body through the veins. While it is most commonly referred to as total parenteral nutrition (TPN), some patients need to get only certain types of nutrients intravenously. Parenteral nutrition is necessary to patients who cannot get essential nutrients to maintain high energy, hydration, and strength levels.
Patients of all ages receive parenteral nutrition. Most of the time the parenteral nutrition is provided for a short duration after which it is lessened or discontinued when the person starts to eat normally again but sometimes the patients receives parenteral nutrition for lifetime. Parenteral nutrition may be needed for variety of diseases and condition which damage or weaken the food intake, absorption or digestion.
The liquid diet is given into the blood through intravenous catheter. The mixture contains appropriate macronutrients and micronutrients such as sugars and calcium.
Journals related to Parenteral Nutrition
Journal of Hepatology and Gastrointestinal disorders, Interdisciplinary Journal of Microinflammation, Anatomy & Physiology: Current Research, Journal of Probiotics & Health, Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, American Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care Journal, Journal of Perinatology.
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