The ability to identify exactly which microorganism strain is present in a sample is a fundamental need for all research, and rapid molecular techniques for these analyses are replacing traditional culture-based methods.
The US, European, and Japanese Pharmacopeia guidelines recommend genotypic microbial identification of bacteria and fungi at the species level. The comparative gene sequence analysis of ribosomal DNA (rDNA) has been shown to have the highest accuracy of microbial identification system technologies and has been considered the gold standard for microbial identification for over a decade.
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