Like in human even dogs also suffer from diabetes it is also of two types insulin-deficiency diabetes (IDD) and insulin-resistance diabetes (IRD). In IDD, a dog loses beta cells and no longer makes enough insulin to keep glucose levels under control. Causes include genetic defects, inflammation of the pancreas and immune attack (as in human Type 1 diabetes). In IRD, something prevents the dog’s insulin from functioning properly. That “something” may be “diestrus,” pregnancy, an endocrine disease, or treatment with steroids or progesterone-like hormones. Diestrus, the most common cause of IRD, is the approximately two months of high levels of progesterone (a female hormone) between periods of estrus (heat). Hormonally, diestrus resembles pregnancy, making this form of IRD similar to human gestational diabetes.
Related Journals of Canine Diabetes
Journal of Diabetes Medication & Care, Diabetes Case Reports, Journal of Clinical Diabetes & Practice, Endocrinology & Metabolic Syndrome, Pancreatic Disorders & Therapy, Whole Dog Journal, Veterinary Record, Irish Veterinary Journal, Veterinary Research Communications, International Journal of Experimental Pathology