Archives in Chemistry is an international circulating peer-reviewed Open Access journal, with responsibility for original research contributions and scientific advances in the field of chemistry. Archives in Chemistry publish original research papers, reviews and short commentaries or any type of articles. The topics covered are related to but not limited to organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, physical chemistry, material chemistry, computational and theoretical chemistry, catalysis, green chemistry, medicinal chemistry, environmental chemistry, nuclear chemistry, polymer chemistry, supramolecular chemistry and surface chemistry etc.
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This includes fundamental electronic structure, bonding in methane, ethene, benzene and carbonyl compounds, and thoughts regarding electronegativity and bond polarity. The focus is on the component carbon which is integral to every living being; in any case, thousands of non-living things, (for example, drugs, plastics, and dyes) are produced using carbon compounds. Diamond are carbon molecules in a Crystal structure. Diamond are so hard because the particles of carbon are so intently bonded together in the crystal form. That same capacity to pack firmly together makes carbon a fabulous basic component in its different structures too.
Organometallic science is the study of substance containing at least one metal-carbon bonds. Many of these early compounds were prepared specifically from the metal by oxidative addition of alkyl halides. Each one of these metals have sensibly negative reduction potential. Organometallic Compounds have been used as a part of drug for a significant long time, yet with little attempt to arrange the compound to be used and with small appreciation of the sub-nuclear commence of their instrument of activity. Cisplatin is an anticancer medicine which is simply used as chemotherapy specialist, accepted critical part in building up the field of therapeutics inorganic science. Organometallic compounds of Li, Mg (Grignard reagents) are among presumably the most basic regular reagents. Uses of Organometallic compounds are expanded due to excess utilized of these compounds in medicine world.
Chromatography is an analytical technique commonly used for separating the components, of a mixture in view of the relative amounts of each solute circulated between a moving fluid stream, called the Mobile Phase, and a Contiguous Stationary Phase, so that the individual components can be thoroughly analyzed. The mobile phase might be either a fluid or a gas, while the stationary phase is either a solid or a fluid. There are numerous types of chromatography e.g., liquid chromatography, gas chromatography, ion-Exchange chromatography and affinity chromatography.
Various methods are used to enrich or purify a protein of interest from other proteins and components in a crude cell lysate or other sample. The most powerful of these methods is affinity chromatography, also called affinity purification, whereby the protein of interest is purified by virtue of its specific binding properties to an immobilized ligand.
Spectroscopy pertains to the dispersion of an object's light into its component colors (i.e. energies). By performing this dissection and analysis of an object's light, astronomers can infer the physical properties of that object (such as temperature, mass, luminosity and composition). But before we hurtle headlong into the wild and woolly field of spectroscopy, we need to try to answer some seemingly simple questions, such as what is light? And how does it behave? These questions may seem simple to you, but they have presented some of the most difficult conceptual challenges in the long history of physics. It has only been in this century, with the creation of quantum mechanics that we have gained a quantitative understanding of how light and atoms work.
The quantitative relationship among reactants and products is called stoichiometry. The term stoichiometry is derived from two Greek words: stoicheion (meaning "element") and metron (meaning "measure"). On this subject, you often are required to calculate quantities of reactants or products. Stoichiometry calculations are based on the fact that atoms are conserved. They cannot be destroyed or created. Numbers and kinds of atoms before and after the reactions are always the same. This is the basic law of nature. From the atomic and molecular point of view, the stoichiometry in a chemical reaction is very simple. However, atoms of different elements and molecules of different substances have different weights. Thus, simple stoichiometry at the atomic level appears to be complicated when amounts (quantities) are measured in units of g, kg, L or mL. When quantities in moles are used, the relationships (or ratios) are really simple. For example, one mole of oxygen reacts with two moles of hydrogen.
The chemical compositon and metabolic reactions of the organisms appear to be similar. The composition of living tissues and non-living matter also appear to be similar in qualitative analysis.Closer analysis reveals that the relative abundance of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen is higher in living system. All forms of life are composed of biomolecules only. Biomolecules are organic molecules especially macromolecules like carbohydrates, proteins in living organisms. All living forms bacteria, algae, plant and animals are made of similar macromolecules that are responsible for life. All the carbon compounds we get from living tissues can be called biomolecules.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms. By controlling information flow through biochemical signaling and the flow of chemical energy through metabolism, biochemical processes give rise to the complexity of life. Over the last decades of the 20th century, biochemistry has become so successful at explaining living processes that now almost all areas of the life sciences from botany to medicine to genetics are engaged in biochemical research.
The concept of greening chemistry is a relatively new idea which developed in the business and regulatory communities as a natural evolution of pollution prevention initiatives. In our efforts to improve crop protection, commercial products, and medicines, we also caused unintended harm to our planet and humans. By the mid-20th century, some of the long-term negative effects of these advancements could not be ignored. Pollution choked many of the world's waterways and acid rain deteriorated forest health. There were measurable holes in the earth's ozone. Some chemicals in common use were suspected of causing or directly linked to human cancer and other adverse human and environmental health outcomes.
Applied Medicinal Chemistry in its most common practice focusing on small organic molecules. Applied Medicinal Chemistry encompasses synthetic organic chemistry and aspects of natural products and computational chemistry in close combination with chemical biology, enzymology and structural biology, together aiming at the discovery and development of new therapeutic agents.
Chemical Engineering is a branch of engineering which empowers the transformation of regular assets and vitality into valuable items for society. It applied physical, chemical, Biological, natural sciences, arithmetic and financial aspects, to deliver vitality and other valuable stuffs.It's based upon three parts of Engineering: compound response building, ecological synthetic building, and materials combination and preparing.
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