Locus of Control and Self-Efficacy Behaviors among Premarital Egyptian Women: Impact of Preconception Educational Interventions
Background: Preconception care interventions are directed toward the promotion
of women’s health and well-being before pregnancy.
Aim: To evaluate an educational preconception program on empowering the
Egyptian premarital women with the concept of self-efficacy and locus of control
Methods: A quasi-experimental, quantitative, (pre/ post one group) research
design was used with 84 premarital females recruited conveniently from five
primary health care centers located at Port- Said City, Egypt.
Data collection: By using 2 main tools which were locus of control scale, and the
self-efficacy of diet and physical exercises used to assess self-efficacy of adults for
diet (fat, salt) and exercise.
Results: Total mean of women age was 23.26 ± 4.2, majority were bachelor
degree of education, and unemployed. A highly statistical significant difference
was reported between pre and post total mean score of internal and external
locus of control, self-efficacy of eating healthy foods and motivation behaviour
related physical exercises at p-value < 0.000.
Conclusion: Current study demonstrated that the application of preconception
educational intervention had a positive effect on empowering a sense of locus of
control and self-efficacy behaviors among studied participants, which evidenced
by a statistically significant difference between pre-test and post-test of multidimensional
locus of control through improving their self-efficacy regarding eating
and exercises. Therefore, it is recommended to incorporate these preconception
educational programs to be an integral part of the services provided by PMCs.
To ensure the dissemination of information related to locus of control behaviors,
healthy life styles and motivation behavior of regular physical exercises that
warrant the improvement of reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes for