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Locus of Control and Self-Efficacy Behaviors among Premarital Egyptian Women: Impact of Preconception Educational Interventions

Background: Preconception care interventions are directed toward the promotion

of women’s health and well-being before pregnancy.

Aim: To evaluate an educational preconception program on empowering the

Egyptian premarital women with the concept of self-efficacy and locus of control


Methods: A quasi-experimental, quantitative, (pre/ post one group) research

design was used with 84 premarital females recruited conveniently from five

primary health care centers located at Port- Said City, Egypt.

Data collection: By using 2 main tools which were locus of control scale, and the

self-efficacy of diet and physical exercises used to assess self-efficacy of adults for

diet (fat, salt) and exercise.

Results: Total mean of women age was 23.26 ± 4.2, majority were bachelor

degree of education, and unemployed. A highly statistical significant difference

was reported between pre and post total mean score of internal and external

locus of control, self-efficacy of eating healthy foods and motivation behaviour

related physical exercises at p-value < 0.000.

Conclusion: Current study demonstrated that the application of preconception

educational intervention had a positive effect on empowering a sense of locus of

control and self-efficacy behaviors among studied participants, which evidenced

by a statistically significant difference between pre-test and post-test of multidimensional

locus of control through improving their self-efficacy regarding eating

and exercises. Therefore, it is recommended to incorporate these preconception

educational programs to be an integral part of the services provided by PMCs.

To ensure the dissemination of information related to locus of control behaviors,

healthy life styles and motivation behavior of regular physical exercises that

warrant the improvement of reproductive health and pregnancy outcomes for

future Egyptianmothers.

Author(s):  Amal I Khalil*

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Abstracted/Indexed in
  • China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)
  • Cosmos IF
  • Secret Search Engine Labs