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Ergonomics & Human factors 2018

Archives of Medicine

ISSN: 1989-5216

Page 41

July 26-27, 2018

Rome, Italy



Edition of International Conference on

Ergonomics &

Human Factors


he restaurant market in Israel is large, accounting for 2.4% of

the total revenue of the economy. The organization of work in

restaurants is determined according to the management criteria.

Risk factors include food preparation, serving, cleaning, mental

and physical factors resulting in work-related musculoskeletal

disorders (WRMSDs). It was found that the prevalence of pain

at the end of waiters’ working day was 55% in the upper back,

50% in the lower back, and 45% in the neck. We aim to investigate

this population in Israel, to assess the prevalence of WRMSDs

among waiters, and to evaluate the association between work

hazards and WRMSDs. An observational cross-sectional study

including one hundred waiters from three restaurants aged 18-

60 working full-time, at least two years. Excluding criteria will be

serious accidents and spinal and skeletal surgeries, with pain

lasting longer than three months. Participants will fill out seven

questionnaires: basic demographics and working conditions;

occupational-medical-historical questionnaire, the neck disability

index (NDI); quick disabilities of the arms, shoulders and

hands (DASH); the modified Oswestry low back pain disability

questionnaire (MOQ), a psychosocial questionnaire containing

estimation workload (WL), burnout (BMQ), job satisfaction (JAQ),

and task frequency questionnaire. Ten waiters randomly chosen

will be observed while working during one rush hour, using the

rapid entire body assessment (REBA) worksheet. Between 3-6

most dangerous postures for each waiter, will be taken to fill

the REBA worksheet for each posture which will be scored and

evaluated as a risk factor for pain and disability. Further, theweight

of dishes and food carried by the ten waiters will be examined

by weighing the waiters with the dishes, and their steps will be

counted by using an application in their mobiles.


Zuha Tarabeih has completed her BA in Nursing from Tel Aviv University,

Israel. She is pursuing her Master’s Degree in Occupational Health focusing

on Ergonomics specialization, and works as an Assistant in Nursing De-

partment at the same university. She is a Nurse in a reputable emergency

medicine center which demands quick thinking and decisive action to pro-

vide care and monitor health conditions, besides to working in a national

call center of its kind, for the treatment of a range of chronic conditions, in

coordination with the client’s primary physician and other community-based

resources. She also volunteers in an Arab feminist movement that struggles

against oppression in all its forms and shapes, which provides psychologi-

cal support and legal advice to women subjected to sexual violence, to raise

awareness among school students on the issue of sexual assaults, and

gender issues


[email protected] [email protected]

Ergonomic risk factors for pain and disability among waiters

Zuha Tarabeih

Tel Aviv University, Israel

Zuha Tarabeih, Arch Med 2018, Volume 10

DOI: 10.21767/1989-5216-C1-002