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Ergonomics & Human factors 2018

Archives of Medicine

ISSN: 1989-5216

Page 24

July 26-27, 2018

Rome, Italy



Edition of International Conference on

Ergonomics &

Human Factors


he present study aimed to examine the relationships

between occupational stress, burnout situations as a

psycho-social risk and the subtypes that of the application

job-related affective well-being according to the demographic

factors among public sector employees. In the study, data

were collected by questionnaire method. The research was

conducted on 185 public officials who participated in the

training during the “stress and burnout training” given to the

public sector workers, and the total of 177 questionnaires

was evaluated because 8 of the questionnaires were missing

and incorrectly filled. In this study, a 7-item job stress

scale developed by House and Rizzo (1972) was used to

measure the psychological and psychosomatic symptoms

related to the stresses experienced by public officials in the

workplace. To measure burnout, Maslach Burnout Inventory

developed Maslach and Jackson (1981) were used. The

emotional exhaustion sub-dimension consists of 9 items, the

depersonalization sub-dimension consists of 5 items and the

personal accomplishment sub-dimension consists of a total

of eight items in the Burnout Inventory consisting of 22 items

and three sub-dimensions. To measure Job-related well-being

Job-Related Affective Well-being Scale (JAWS) was used that

has been designed by Katwyk, Fox, Spector, Kelloway (2000).

The main objective of the study was based on the expectancy

that the four subtypes of JAWS would show consistent and

predictable correlations with Stress and Burnout. The average

age of the participants is 36.82±8.36. Data were analyzed

with T-test, Pearson Correlation, and One-Way ANOVA. The

findings of the present study have shown that the meaningful

relationships among job stress, burnout and job well-being.

According to the obtained results, it was understood that the

stress and burnout levels differed according to the gender of

the public servants, the duration of their service, their place

of duty, their administrative relative, education level and their

workings (p<0.05). In addition, when the mean differences

between the scale scores according to gender were examined,

it was seen that there was a significant difference between the

emotional exhaustion from the subscales of the consumption

and the sex.

Recent Publications

1. S Aytac, S Dursun and M Aytac (2017) Work-related

violence and stress: the case of taxi drivers in

Turkey. International Journal of Recent Advances

in Organizational Behaviour and Decision Sciences.


2. S Aytac (2017) Life satisfaction and leisure activities

among retirees: the case of a city. International Journal

of Recent Advances in Organizational Behaviour and

Decision Sciences. 3(1):916-928.

3. S Aytac and G Akalp (2017) The attribution theory

of as a psycho-social approach to the perception of

occupational health and safety: a focus group study

among women workers in metal industry. European

Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies. 5(1):355-362.


4. S Aytaç and S Dursun (2012) The effect on employees

of violence climate in the workplace, work: Work.


5. C Ceylan, J Dul and S Aytac (2008) Can the office

environment stimulate a manager’s creativity? Human

Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing. 18(6):589-

602. Doi:10.1002/hfm.


Serpil Aytac has completed her PhD at the Uludag University, Turkey. She

is the Director of Labour Economics and Industrial Relations Department.

She has published more than 30 papers in reputed journals and has been

serving as an editorial board member of repute. She was the Director of nu-

merous research projects. She currently has national and international pub-

lications on work psychology andmanagement. She is aMember of Turkish

Ergonomics Society Association.

[email protected]

Stress and burnout as a psycho-social risk at public sector

among workers

Serpil Aytac

Uludag University, Turkey

Serpil Aytac, Arch Med 2018, Volume 10

DOI: 10.21767/1989-5216-C1-002