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Ergonomics & Human factors 2018

Archives of Medicine

ISSN: 1989-5216

Page 28

July 26-27, 2018

Rome, Italy

1

st

Edition of International Conference on

Ergonomics &

Human Factors

Introduction:

Occupational-related gender differences have

been explored. Differences have also been revealed in relation

to workplace conflict and friendship patterns. Within healthcare,

variations in the structure of and delivery of services has also

been noted between male and female general practitioners.

We undertook a study to evaluate the distribution of commonly

performed medical tasks by gender amongst junior doctors in an

Irish context.

Methods:

Over a three-week period from September 25

th

to October 15

th

2017, a prospective study was conducted

amongst junior doctors in an acute Irish hospital. The number of

phlebotomy and cannulation tasks as well as electrocardiograph

(ECG) completion were gathered in a central database. Gender of

performing doctor was collected concurrently. Ethical approval

was obtained fromTrinity College Dublin.

Results:

Of the junior doctor sample (n=34), 19 were female and

15 were male. 537 phlebotomy tasks, 319 cannulation tasks

and 66 ECGs were performed. 60% of tasks (n=552) were done

by a female doctor. The average number of tasks performed by

a doctor according to gender is depicted in Figure 1. Notably,

female doctors were twice as likely as male doctors to complete

an ECG. Analysis of diurnal task frequency by gender revealed

that female doctors are almost twice as likely as male doctors

to phlebotomize a patient when compared with their male

counterparts (daytime phlebotomy task rate 7.0 versus 3.8 for

females and males respectively). ECG completion by a female

doctor was more than twice as likely during daytime shifts.

Conclusions:

Female junior doctors appear to complete more

medical tasks than their male colleagues. This was particularly

found for the task of ECG completion. Human factors such as

organizational attitudes to task distribution and approaches to

task completion may be influenced by gender.

Recent Publications

1. Davis M, Capobianco S and Kraus L (2010) Gender

differences in responding to conflict in the workplace:

evidence from a large sample of working adults. Sex

Roles. 63(7-8):500-514.

2. Morrison R L (2008) Are women tending and

befriending in the workplace? Gender differences in

the relationship between workplace friendships and

organizational outcomes. Sex Roles. 60(1-2):1-13.

3. Boerma W G, van den Brink Muinen A (2000) Gender-

related differences in the organization and provision

of services among general practitioners in Europe.

Medical Care. 38(10):993-1002.

Biography

Domhnall McGlacken Byrne graduated fromTrinity College Dublin, Republic

of Ireland in 2017. He is currently working at St. James’s Hospital, Dublin. He

wishes to pursue his medical career in the area of pediatrics

.

[email protected]

The influence of gender on performance of common clinical

procedures in an acute Irish hospital

Domhnall McGlacken Byrne

1,2

, Lucy Chapman

1

and

Jack Tyrell

2

1

St. James’s Hospital, Republic of Ireland

2

Trinity College Dublin, Republic of Ireland

Domhnall McGlacken Byrne et al., Arch Med 2018, Volume 10

DOI: 10.21767/1989-5216-C1-002