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Polymer-based catalysts in vegetable oil conversion into biofuel

2nd Edition of Global Summit on Renewable Energy & Emerging Technologies
October 05-06, 2018 Barcelona, Spain

Esther M Sulman, Antonina A Stepacheva, Mikhail G Sulman and Valentina G Matveeva

Tver State Technical University, Russia

Posters & Accepted Abstracts: Trends in Green chem

DOI: 10.21767/2471-9889-C3-015

Abstract

Oil-containing biomass is a wide spread material for alternative fuel production in the form of biodiesel. However the production and usage of common biodiesel are connected with several problems, i.e. the dependence of fuel properties from source type and the necessity of additional modification to increase the quality of the product. These problems can be solved by the development of new technologies of triglycerides conversion into various compounds that are divided into two main processes: deoxygenation to produce diesel-like hydrocarbons and hydrogenation to form fatty alcohols which can be used both as highly effective fuel and feedstock of chemical production. In this work we studied the both stearic acid hydrodeoxygenation and hydrogenation processes in the presence of palladium catalysts on the base of hypercrosslinked polystyrene. Hydrotreatment processes were carried out in a stainless steel reactor-cell of Parr Series 5000 Multiple Reactor System. The analysis of liquid phase samples was performed using GC-2010 chromatograph and GCMS-QP2010S mass spectrometer (SHIMADZU, Japan). A comparison of catalytic activity was made by TOF value. It was found that HPS-based catalyst with Pd loading 1 (wt.)% seems to have the highest catalytic activity and selectivity regarding to the target products in both investigated reactions. It is noteworthy that the selected catalyst (1%-Pd/MN-270) remains its activity and selectivity regarding to the target product at the multiple usage up to 20 times. This work was supported by the Russian Foundation of Basic Researches (grant 16-08-00041) and the Russian Science Foundation (grant 17-79-10089). Recent Publications 1. Kukushkin R G, Bulavchenko O A, Kaichev V V and Yakovlev V A (2015) Influence of Mo on catalytic activity of Ni-based catalysts in hydrodeoxygenation of esters. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 163:531–538. 2. Beller H R, Lee T S and Katz L (2015) Natural products as biofuels and bio-based chemicals: fatty acids and isoprenoids. Natural Product Reports 32:1508-1526. 3. Hermida L, Abdullah A Z and Mohamed A R (2015) Deoxygenation of fatty acid to produce diesel-like hydrocarbons: a review of process conditions, reaction kinetics and mechanism. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 42:1223-1233. 4. Kandel K, Chaudhary U, Nelson N C and Slowing I I (2015) Synergistic interaction between oxides of copper and iron for production of fatty alcohols from fatty acids. ACS Catalysis 5:6719-6723. 5. Manyar H G, Paun C, Pilus R, Rooney D W, Thompson J M and Hardacre C (2010) Highly selective and efficient hydrogenation of carboxylic acids to alcohols using titania supported Pt catalysts. Chemical Communication 46:6279-6281.

Biography

Esther M Sulman studied Chemistry at Kalinin Polytechnic Institute and obtained her PhD in the field of Chemistry in 1972. In 1989, she obtained her Full Professor Doctor degree in the field of Kinetic and Catalysis. In 1968 she started her professional career at the Kalinin Polytechnic Institute at present Tver Technical University, Tver, Russia and became the Head of the Department of Biotechnology and Chemistry in 1992. In 2007 she was appointed Director of the Institute of Nano- and Biotechnologies of Tver Technical University. Her fields of research include span fine chemistry, fuel processing, waste processing, biocatalysis and heterogeneous catalysis. She is an author or co-author of about 400 peer-reviewed publications and more than 700 conference papers with regard to catalysis and biocatalysis, 50 patents and 7 books. She received the awards Honored inventor of USSR in 1989, Honored Chemist of RF in 1999, Honored Worker of Higher Professional Education of Russian Federation in 1999, Award of the Government of Russian Federation in the field of Science and Technology in 2002 and Award Medal for Merit in 2010.

E-mail: [email protected]

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