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Publication Ethics & Malpractices

Focus Scope
International Journal of Applied Science-Research and Review dedicated to following best practices on ethical matters, errors and retractions. The prevention of publication malpractice is one of the important responsibilities of the editorial board. Any kind of unethical behavior is not acceptable, and Open Journal of Research does not tolerate plagiarism in any form.  Authors submitting articles to Journal affirm that manuscript contents are original.
The following duties outlined for editors, authors, and reviewers are based on the COPE Code of Conduct for Journal Editors.  Editors,  authors,  and  reviewers  will  also  adhere  to  the  journal submission guideline policies.
Duties of Editor
Publication  Decisions: Based  on  the  review  report  of  the  editorial  review board,  the editor can accept, reject, or request modifications to the manuscript.
Review of Manuscripts: Editor must ensure that each manuscript is initially evaluated by the editor for originality, making use of appropriate software to do so. Following desk review, the manuscript is forwarded blind peer review to the editorial review board that will make a recommendation to accept, reject, or modify the manuscript.
Fair  Review: The  editor  must  ensure  that  each  manuscript  received  by  Journal  is reviewed  for  its  intellectual  content  without  regard  to  sex,  gender,  race,  religion, citizenship, etc. of the authors.
Confidentiality: The editor must ensure that information regarding manuscripts submitted by the authors is kept confidential.
Disclosure  and  Conflicts  of  Interest: The  editor  of  Journal  will  not  use  unpublished materials  disclosed  in  a  submitted  manuscript  for  his/her  own  research  without  written consent of the author.
Duties of Authors
Reporting Standards: Authors should present an accurate account of their original research as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Manuscripts will follow the submission guidelines of the journal.
Originality: Authors must ensure that they have written entirely original work.
Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publications: Authors should not submit the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently. It is also expected that the author will  not  publish  redundant  manuscripts  or  manuscripts  describing  the  same  research  in more than one journal.
Acknowledgement of Sources: Authors should acknowledge all sources of data used in the research and cite publications that have been influential in the research work.
Authorship  of  the  Paper: Authorship  should  be  limited  to  those  who  have  made  a significant contribution to conception, design, execution or interpretation of the reported study.  Others  who  have  made  significant  contribution  must  be  listed  as  co-authors. Authors also ensure that all the authors have seen and agreed to the submitted version of the manuscript and their inclusion of names as co-authors.
Data Access and Retention: Authors should provide raw data related to their manuscript for editorial review and must retain such data.
Fundamental  Errors  in  Published  Works: If  at  any  point  of  time,  the  author(s) discovers  a  significant  error  or  inaccuracy  in  submitted  manuscript,  then  the  error  or inaccuracy must be reported to the editor.
Duties of Reviewers
Confidentiality: Information regarding manuscripts submitted by authors should be kept confidential and be treated as privileged information.
Acknowledgement of Sources: Manuscript reviewers must ensure that authors have acknowledged all sources of data used in the research. Any kind of similarity or overlap between the manuscripts under consideration or with any other published paper of which reviewer has personal knowledge must be immediately brought to the editor's notice.
Standards of Objectivity: Review of submitted manuscripts must be done objectively and the reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
Promptness: In the event that a reviewer feels it is not possible for him/her to complete review of manuscript within stipulated time then this information must be communicated to the editor, so that the manuscript could be sent to another reviewer.