Weed and Disease Abolition in Crops through Inherently Altered Microbes and Soil Microorganisms

Drastic increase in both the quality as well as quantity of global crop production is urgently needed. The biotic and abiotic influences, which affect or even decide the final outcome, are two major groups of factors that have a significant impact on crop development, yield and characteristics. Infestation of plants by pests and diseases can result in yield losses of up to 82 percent in cotton and over 50 percent in other major crops; when these losses are added to post-harvest spoilage and quality degradation, these losses become significant, particularly in resource-poor parts of the world. Hence, its management is very necessary. Plant pathogenic bacteria which are found in the soil rhizospheric region can cause a variety of diseases in plants. Scientists have created a biological method in order to combat invasiveness by weeds and rodents by using these pathogenic microbes. Microorganisms have extensive biosynthetic reservoirs for producing biomolecules of interest; farming communities are, however, accepting new approaches to meet the increase in demand for sustainable food production, thanks to allied sector research and evolving genetic tools for improved microbial consortia.

Author(s): Aqarab Husnain Gondal1 *and Shamal Shasang Kumar2

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