Production of organic fertilizer with Macro-Micronutrients from the solid waste generated at home

The implementation of a treatment method for the proper management of organic waste is of great importance as this would be possible to obtain benefits that help the improvement of human activities such as agriculture, where land use does sometimes excessive, causing wear and loss of production capacity, which leads to the generation of infertile soils with problems of recruitment, both water and nutrients, and therefore the loss of the organic layer which is indispensable for sustaining plant life. Humus contains vermicompost obtained from the micro (Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn and Na) and macro (N, P, K, S, Ca and Mg) nutrients that are essential for growth and development of all types of plants (fruits and vegetables included). It argues that vermicomposting replace the urea which is commonly used as fertilizer, and humus that has no chemical process gives us both nutritional benefits and costs. The control of pH of the organic waste is one of the most important parameters for the survival of this worm as it should be between 6 and 8 with a temperature of not less than 18 º C and no more 25 ° C, therefore it is need to regulate these conditions. For this reason, it is of great importance the use of organic and inorganic materials in order to regulate it, thus ensuring an effective way to maximize the life and livelihood of the worm, resulting in better performance in the production of humus which is very important to create organic compost. In this regard, we propose the use of 3 basic inorganic solid materials and manure of cattle to regulate the pH of the compost and provide the means necessary for the survival of the worm.

Author(s): Nino A, Rivera A and Ramirez A

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