Urology is the branch of medicine which deals with the study of surgical prospects and medical diseases related with urinary tract of both male and female. Here urinary tract and reproductive tract are closely associated so one infection commonly affects the other, that’s the reason main focus of study in urology is present under the domain named as genitourinary disorders. Urological disorders can be prevented with developed surgical operations such as invasive robotic surgery, laparoscopic surgery, laser assisted surgery etc.
Urogynecology is the branch of medicine deals with the study of surgical specialities in both urology and gynelogy. Howard Kelly is the pioneer of these studies. Specialist in this field has a knowledge of female reproductive system as well as urinary tract diseases. Urogynaecologists manage women with urinary incontinence and pelvic floor dysfunction. Pelvic floor disorders affect the bladder, reproductive organs, and bowels. Common pelvic floor disorders include urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse and fecal incontinence. The specialist in this field are also responsible for the supervision of women who have suffered trauma to the perineum at the time of childbirth.