Scientifically the term nephrolithiasis is defined as process of formation of kidney stone.. Formation of kidney stone takes place because of both genetic and environmental factors. Stone formation is also the result of enhanced mineral level in urine eg. Carbonates, sulphates, sulphides, calcium, magnesium etc. Kidney stone is a common reason of pain in the abdomen, flank or groin as well as it is a cause of blood in urine. There are so many diagnostic technique has been discovered such as Abdominal CT scan, abdominal or kidney MRI, X-ray, intravenous pyelogram, kidney ultrasound etc. Treatment for this is variable according to the severity of the pain. Drinking water for at least 6-8 glass per day will help to produce large amount of urine and promotes the stone pass. For some types of stone doctors will prescribe allopurinol, antibiotics, diuretics, phosphate solutions, water pills, sodium bicarbonate or sodium citrate etc.

Related Journals: Journal of Clinical & Experimental Nephrology, Journal of Nephrology & Renal Diseases, Nursing Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology


High Impact List of Articles


Recommended Conferences

  • 3rd Annual Kidney Congress
    June 8-9, 2018 Baltimore, USA
  • 20th World Kidney Congress
    June 28-29, 2018 Berlin, Germany
  • 22nd European Nephrology Conference
    October 15-16, 2018 Warsaw, Poland
Flyer image