With the advent of civilization there was an apt need for a technology which can be useful in measuring the quantity of toxic elements in the body and thus scientists developed this technique. Human biomonitoring is defined as the measurement of the body burden of toxic chemical compounds, elements, or their metabolites, in biological substances. These measurements are done through blood and urine tests. Chemicals and their metabolites can be traced in a variety of biological substances such as blood, urine, hair, semen, breast milk, or saliva. Some well-designed methods are used for human biomonitoring like isotope dilution mass spectrometry, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, or graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. These methods of measurements are very much advanced. The key objective of Human Biomonitoring is to develop novel methods to identify human internal exposure to environmental and occupational chemicals and establishing the causal links with human health effects; improving chemical risk assessment through the effective use of Human Biomonitoring data.
Related Journals are: Journal of Civil & Legal Sciences, Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology,Human Genetics & Embryology,