For any electronic device to function well, electrical current must be efficiently controlled by switching devices, which becomes increasingly challenging as systems approach very small dimensions. This problem must be addressed by synthesizing materials that allow reliable turn-on and turn-off of current at any size scale. New electronic and photonic nanomaterials promise dramatic breakthroughs in communications, computing devices and solid-state lighting. Current research includes bulk crystal growth, organic semiconductors, thin film and nanostructure growth, and soft lithography.
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