Dysgraphia is a specific learning disability that causes difficulties with written expression but not for the oral expression. It is a language based or non-language based disorder. Dysgraphia is neurological disorder that appears in children’s learning process of writing. Some can show inconsistencies in handwriting such as mixed of upper and lower case, irregular shape and sizes, difficulty in pre visualizing letter formation, trouble in putting thoughts on paper, unfinished or omitted words in a sentence. Individuals suffering with dysgraphia do not have primary developmental motor disorder but it may develop with dyslexia. Also individuals with both dysgraphia and dyslexia may face difficulty in planning sequential finger movements and they do make reversal, inversion or transpositions.
Types of dysgraphia
Dyslexia and dysgraphia: Spontaneous written text is illegible, especially when text is complex. Finger-tapping speed and drawing is normal.
Motor dysgraphia: Letter formation may be acceptable in very short samples of writing with extreme effort and it requires so much amount of time to finish a sentence. It cannot be sustained for a significant length of time as it can cause arthritis-like tensing of the hand. Finding difficulties in drawing, finger tapping speed is below normal and both copied and spontaneous text may be illegible.
Spatial dysgraphia: Individuals with spatial dysgraphia find it difficulty in understanding of space, drawing abilities and they show illegible spontaneous written work, illegible copied work. They will have normal spelling and normal finger tapping speed.