Crystallography is a branch of science which deals with the arrangement of atoms in the form of solid crystals. To determine the arrangement of atoms the inner structures and the properties of crystals are used.Crystallography is used for the detailed study and understanding of various others topics like synthetic chemistry, materials,condensed matter physics, etc.
In this phenomena, neutron, X-ray, electron diffraction techniques are used for the identification and characterization of solid materials.Other analytical techniques are also used like the microscopic imaging, X-ray fluorescence, spectroscopic techniques and computer modeling and visualization to construct the detailed arrangemt of atomic models in solids. The above techniques provide the information about the polymorphic form,defects , chemical makeup and the electronic properties of the solids
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