Courtland C Lee,Vivian V Lee
The Chicago School of Professional Psychology, USA Johns Hopkins University, USA
Keynote: J Neurol Neurosci
While a great deal of attention has been focused on those individuals who often flee their country of origin due to conflict or natural disaster seeking refugee or asylum-seeker status, there is another important group of immigrants who voluntarily immigrate for social or economic reasons. These individuals are classified as Third Country Nationals (TCNs). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships among acculturative stress, coping and quality of life among TCNs in a Southern European country. The study employed a mixed-methods research design. The overall research sample consisted of 117 adult TCNs who had been residing in the host country for more than one year. For the qualitative aspect of the study 13 adult TCNs were invited to take part in one-on-one interviews. They were asked a series of questions about their pre-migration experiences. For the quantitative aspect of the study TCNs were invited to respond to an anonymous questionnaire. The questionnaire measured acculturative stress with the Revised Social, Attitudinal, Familial and Environmental Acculturative Stress Scale, coping with the Brief COPE scale, and quality of life with the World Health Organization Quality of Life-BREF scale. A total of 104 adult TCNs completed the questionnaire. Two themes emerged from the qualitative interviews related to the pre-immigration life of TCNs: Push/pull factors and loss. With respect to the quantitative analysis, negative correlations were found between the SAFE-R scores and the scores on the four domains of WHOQOL-BREF. This suggests that the lower the level of a TCNs acculturative stress, the higher the individual’s perception of his/her quality of life in the host country. In addition, negative correlations were found between problem-focused Brief Cope subscale scores and the scores on the four domains of WHOQOL-BREF, suggesting that the more ineffective one’s coping mechanisms, the lower the quality of life. Recent Publications 1. Bălţătescu S (2007) Central and Eastern Europeans migrants’ subjective quality of life. A comparative study. Journal of Identity and Migration Studies 1(2):67-81. 2. Maneze D, Salamonson Y, Attwood N and Davidson P M (2013) Acculturative stress in Filipino migrants with functional English: implications for health promotion. International Journal of Culture and Mental Health 7(4):357- 369. 3. Norris A E, Aroian K J and Nickerson D M (2011) Premigration persecution, postmigration stressors and resources, and postmigration mental health: A study of severely traumatized U.S. Arab immigrant women. Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association 17:283-293. 4. Revollo H W, Qureshi A, Collazos F, Valero, S and Casas M (2011) Acculturative stress as a risk factor of depression and anxiety in the Latin American immigrant population. International Review of Psychiatry 23(1):84-92.
Courtland Lee is a Professor in the Counselor Education Program at the Washington DC campus of The Chicago School of Professional Psychology. He is the author, editor, or co-editor of seven books on multicultural counseling and three books on counseling and social justice. In addition, he has published numerous book chapters and articles on counseling across cultures. Dr. Lee received his Ph.D. in Counseling at Michigan State University. He is a Fellow of both the American Counseling Association and the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy. Dr. Lee’s main area of research is multicultural counseling.
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