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**Pramanik S ^{1*}, Dalapati S^{2}, Alam S^{2} and Roy TK^{2}**

^{1}Department of Mathematics, Nandalal Ghosh B.T. College, Panpur, West Bengal, India

^{2}Department of Mathematics, Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology, Shibpur, West Bengal, India

- *Corresponding Author:
- Surapati Pramanik

Department of Mathematics, Nandalal Ghosh B.T. College

Panpur, Narayanpur, North 24 Parganas-743126

West Bengal, India

**Tel:**0332580 1826

**E-mail:**[email protected]

**Received Date**: April 01, 2017; **Accepted Date:** April 21, 2017; **Published Date**: April 30, 2017

**Citation: **Pramanik S, Dalapati S, Alam S, et al. Some Operations and Properties of Neutrosophic Cubic Soft Set. Glob J Res Rev. 2017, 4:2.

In this paper we define some operations such as P-union, P-intersection, R-union, R-intersection for neutrosophic cubic soft sets (NCSSs). We prove some theorems on neutrosophic cubic soft sets. We also discuss various approaches of Internal Neutrosophic Cubic Soft Sets (INCSSs) and external neutrosophic cubic soft sets (ENCSSs). We also investigate some of their properties.

Neutrosophic cubic soft set; Neutrosophic soft set; Cubic set; Internal neutrosophic Cubic soft set; External neutrosophic cubic soft set

Neutrosophic set [1] grounded by Smarandache in 1998, is the generalization of fuzzy set [2] introduced by Zadeh in 1965 and intuitionistic fuzzy set [3] by Atanassov in 1983. In 1999, Molodstov [4] introduced the soft set theory to overcome the inadequate of existing theory related to uncertainties. Soft set theory is free from the parameterization inadequacy syndrome of fuzzy set theory [2], rough set theory [5], probability theory for dealing with uncertainty. The concept of soft set theory penetrates in many directions such as fuzzy soft set [6-9], intuitionistic fuzzy soft set [10-13], interval valued intuitionistic fuzzy soft set [14], neutrosophic soft set [15-18], interval neutrosophic set [19,20]. In 2012, Jun et al. [21] introduced cubic set combining fuzzy set and interval valued fuzzy set. Jun et al. [21] also defined internal cubic set, external cubic set, P-union, R-union, P-intersection and R-intersection of cubic sets, and investigated several related properties. Cubic set theory is applied to CI-algebras [22], B-algebras [23], BCK/BCI-algebras [24,25], KU-Algebras ([26,27], and semi-groups [28]. Using fuzzy set and interval-valued fuzzy set Abdullah et al. [29] proposed the notion of cubic soft set [29] and defined internal cubic soft set, external cubic soft set, P-union, R-union, P-intersection and R-intersection of cubic soft sets, and investigated several related properties. Ali et al. [30] studied generalized cubic soft sets and their applications to algebraic structures. Wang et al. [31] introduced the concept of interval neutrosophic set. In 2016, Ali et al. [32] presented the concept of neutrosophic cubic set by combining the concept of neutrosophic set and interval neutrosophic set. Ali et al. [32] mentioned that neutrosophic cubic set is basically the generalization of cubic set. Ali et al. [32] also defined some new type of internal neutrosophic cubic set (INCSs) and external neutrosophic cubic set (ENCSs) namely, . Ali et al. [32] also presented a numerical problem for pattern recognition. Jun et al. [33] also studied neutrosophic cubic set and proved some properties. In 2016, Chinnadurai et al. [34] introduced the neutrosophic cubic soft sets and proved some properties.

In this paper we discuss some new operations and new approach of internal and external neutrosophic cubic soft sets, and P-union, R-union, P-intersection, R-intersection. We also prove some theorems related to neutrosophic cubic soft sets.

Rest of the paper is presented as follows. Section 2 presents some basic definition of neutrosophic sets, interval-valued neutrosophic sets, soft sets, cubic set, neutrosophic cubic sets and their basic operation. Section 3 is devoted to presents some new theorems related to neutrosophic cubic soft sets. Section 4 presents conclusions and future scope of research.

**Preliminaries**

In this section, we recall some well-established definitions and properties which are related to the present study.

**Definition 1: Neutrosophic set [1]**

Let U be the space of points with generic element in U denoted by u. A neutrosophic set λ in U is defined as λ={<u, t^{λ} (u), i^{λ} (u), f^{λ} (u)>:u∈U} , where t^{λ} (u):U →]^{-} 0, 1^{+} [,i^{λ} (u):U →]^{-} 0, 1^{+} [, and f^{λ} (u):U →]^{-} 0, 1^{+} [ and − 0 ≤ t^{λ} (u)+ i^{λ} (u)+f^{λ} (u) ≤3^{+}.

**Definition 2: Interval value neutrosophic set [31]**

Let U be the space of points with generic element in U denoted by u. An interval neutrosophic set A in U is characterized by truthmembership function t_{A}, the indeterminacy function i_{A} and falsity membership function f_{A}. For each u∈U, t_{A} (u), i_{A} (u), f_{A} (u) ⊆ [0, 1] and A is defined as

A={<u, [ t^{+}A (u), t^{+}A (u)], [ i^{−}A (u), i^{+}A (u)], [ f^{−}A (u), f^{+}A (u)]:u∈U}.

**Definition 3: Neutrosophic cubic set [32]**

Let U be the space of points with generic element in U denoted by u∈U. A neutrosophic cubic set in U defined as ={< u, A (u), λ (u) >: u∈U} in which A (u) is the interval valued neutrosophic set and λ(u) is the neutrosophic set in U. A neutrosophic cubic set in U denoted by = <A, λ>. We use C(U) as a notation which implies that collection of all neutrosophic cubic sets in U.

**Definition 4: Soft set [4]**

Let U be the initial universe set and E be the set of parameters. Then soft set FK over U is defined by F_{K} ={< u, F (e)>: e ∈ K, F (e) ∈P (U)}

Where F: K → P (U), P (U) is the power set of U and K ⊂ E.

**Definition 5: Neutrosophic cubic soft set [34]**

A soft set is said to be neutrosophic cubic soft set iff is the mapping from K to the set of all neutrosophic cubic sets in U (i.e., C(U) ).

i.e. : K→C(U) , where K is any subset of parameter set E and U is the initial universe set.

Neutrosophic cubic soft set is defined by

Where, A(e_{i}) is the interval valued neutrosophic soft set and λ(e_{i}) is the neutrosophic soft set.

**Definition: Internal neutrosophic cubic soft set (INCSS)**

A neutrosophic cubic soft set is said to be INCSS if for all e_{i}∈ K E

**Definition: External neutrosophic cubic soft set (ENCSS)**

A neutrosophic cubic soft set is said to be ENCSS if for all e_{i}∈ K E

,

**Some theorem related to these topics**

**Theorem 1**

Let be a neutrosophic cubic soft set in U which is not an ENCSS. Then there exists at least one e_{i} ∈ K ⊆ E for which there exists some u∈U such that

**Proof**

From the definition of ENCSSs, we have

, for all u∈U, corresponding to each e_{i}∈ K ⊆ E.

But given that is not an ENCSS, so at least one ei ∈ K ⊆ E.

There exists some u∈U such that , . Hence the proof is complete.

**Theorem 2**

Let be a NCSS in U. If is both an INCSS and ENCSS in U for all u∈U, corresponding to each e_{i} ∈ K, then, , ,where

**Proof**

Suppose be both an INCSS and ENCSS corresponding to each e_{i} ∈ K and for all u∈U. We have , , ,

Again by definition of ENCSS corresponding to each e_{i} K ∈ and for all u∈U, we have

, ,

Since is both an ENCSS and INCSS, so only possibility is that, ,

Hence proved.

**Definition**

Let be two neutrosophic cubic soft sets in U and K_{1}, K_{2} be any two subsets of K. Then, we define the following:

1.

2. If and are two NCSSs then we define P- order as iff the following conditions are satisfied:

i. K_{1} ⊆ K_{2}, and

ii.

A(e_{i}) B(e_{i}) and 1 (e ) 2 (e ) u U ⊆ λ ⊆λ ∀ ∈ corresponding to each

3. If are two neutrosophic cubic soft sets, then we

define the R-order as iff the following conditions are satisfied:

i. K_{1} ⊆ K_{2} and

ii. for all ei ∈ K1 iff corresponding to each e_{i }∈ K_{1}.

**Definition**

Let be two NCSSs in U and K1, K2 be any two subsets of parameter set K. Then we define P-union as , where K_{3} ∈ K_{1}∪ K_{2},

**Definition**

Let be two NCSSs in U and K_{1}, K_{2} be any two subsets of parameter set K. The P-intersection of is denoted by where and defined as=

Here,

**Definition: Compliment**

The compliment of denoted by is defined by

Where,

**Some properties of P-union and P-intersection**

**Proof 1:**

Here,

Hence the proof.

**Proof 2:**

Hence the proof.

**Definition: R-union and R-intersection**

Let be two NCSSs over U. Then R-union is denoted as , where K_{3} = K_{1}∪ K_{2} and . Then R-union is defined as

Here defined as

R-intersection is denoted as

K_{2}.Then R-intersection is defined as:

**Theorem 3**

Let U be the initial universe and I, J, L, S any four subsets of E, then for four corresponding neutrosophic cubic soft sets the following properties hold

**Proof:**

Hence the proof.

ii.

**Proof:** If

(1)

(2)

Hence the proof.

**Theorem 4**

Let be a NCSS over U,

If is an INCSS then is also an INCSS.

If is an ENCSS then is also an ENCSS.

**Proof**

**Theorem 5**

Let and be any two INCSSs then

is an INCSS.

is an INCSS.

**Proof**

Since are INCSSs, so for we have

Also for we have

Now by the definition of P-union is an INCSS.

ii. Now, and by definition,

**Theorem 6**

Let be any two INCSSs over U having the conditions:

**Proof**

Since are INCSSs in U.

So for , we have

Also for we have

Since are INCSSs so from the given condition and definition of INCSS we can write,

If e_{i} ∈ I - J or ei ∈ J - I then, the result is trivial.

Thus is an INCSS.

Theorem 7

Let be any two INCSSs over U satisfying the condition:

Then is an INCSS.

**Proof**

Since are INCSSs in U,

we have, and

Also for we have, , and

defined as

Given condition that Thus from given condition and definition of INCSSs

Hence is an INCSS.

**Theorem 8**

Let be any two ENCSSs then

**Proof**

Since and are ENCSSs, we have

Now by definition of P-union, .

Here defined as

Thus

For e_{i} ∈ I - J or e_{i }∈ J - I these results are trivial.

Hence the proof.

**ii.** Since are ENCSSs, then

and

we have

Here defined as

Thus is an ENCSS.

**Theorem 9**

Let be any two INCSSs in U such that

**Proof:**

Since are INCSSs in U.

we have,

**Definition**

Let and are two NCSSs in U. We defined new NCSSs by interchanging the neutrosophic part of the two NCSSs. We denoted its by and defined by, respectively.

**Theorem 10**

are ENCSSs and are INCSSs in U. Then is an INCSS in U.

Proof

Since and are ENCSSs,

we have

By the definition of ENCSSs and INCSSs all the possibility are as under:

**Case 1**

If then from i(a)., and ii(a). We have

**Case 2**

then from i(b) and ii(b). , we have

**Case 3**

, then from i(a) and i(b)., we have

in all the three cases.

is an INCSS in U.

In this paper we have defined some operations such as P-union, P-intersection, R-union, R-intersection for neutrosophic cubic soft sets. We have also defined some operation of INCSSs and ENCSSs. We have proved some theorems on INCSSs and ENCSSs. We have discussed various approaches INCSSs and ENCSSs. We hope that proposed theorems and operations will be helpful to multi attribute group decision making problems in neutrosophic cubic soft set environment.

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