Laparoscopic artificial insemination (AI) is an advanced assisted reproductive technique gaining popularity among small ruminant veterinarians due to the higher pregnancy rates it affords using frozen/processed semen. The technique has a distinct advantage over conventional AI techniques, in which it bypasses the caudal reproductive tract and the tortuous cervical rings and enables intrauterine deposition of semen. Prior to performing the actual procedure, it is advisable to withhold feed and water for 12-24 hours to decrease the rumen fill and afford greater visibility of the reproductive tract.
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