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Physico-chemical analysis of Municipal solid waste in Jamshedpur city, Jharkhand

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) has become a serious environmental problem in major cities all over world. The problem of solid waste is also influencing the urban environment of Jamshedpur city. Therefore, the present study was under taken to enlist the causes of solid waste generation and possibilities of associated problems. The study was mainly concentrated to investigate the present status of Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM) in Jamshedpur city. In order to carry out the study a detailed survey was carried out on existing facilities of Solid Waste Management (SWM) such as manpower resources and management systems. A detailed study comprising the methods of practices associated with generated quantity of waste, collection, transportation, treatment and disposal of (MSW) in Jamshedpur city was conducted. The relevant data was obtained from Jamshedpur Municipal Corporation and individual field visits. The study reveals that there are several lacunas in existing solid waste management system in Jamshedpur city on the basis of Municipal Solid Waste (Management and Handling) rules, 2000. Methodology is based on primary and secondary sources- Laws, articles, research papers, books and internet materials etc. In Laws, under the umbrella Act i.e. the Environment Protection Act, 2000 Rules are framed which are very important for this study. Objective of this paper is to to reduce practices of burning garbage and increase awareness and practice of recycling, involvement of local community in managing local environment in a sustainable manner, achieves reducing, reusing and recycling and promotes storage and segregation at source as biodegradable and non-biodegradable. Number of problems faced while MSWM, in Jamshedpur the scientific and systematic storage of waste at source is not in practice . MSW has significant negative externalities, with impact on the environment and health. Open burning in dumpsites releases particulates as black carbon and persistent organic pollutants, which bioaccumulate in the food chain

Author(s): Mir Syeda Yuhannatul Humaira, Manoj Ranjan Sinha and Ranjit Prasad

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